Marsh Fleabane

Pluchea indica

Asteraceae

Location in our garden

Section A (Principal)

Habitus

Shrubs. An evergreen, slender, erect, much-branched perennial shrubgrowing 1 to 3 m in height.

Part Used

  • Leaves
  • Bark
  • Roots
  • Stem

Growing Requirements

  • Full Sunshine

Habitat

  • Wetland
  • Coastal

Overview

In 1915, Marsh fleabane was first collected in Hawaii and is native to Asia, China ,the Philippines, and northern Australia, from India eastwards, and has becomenaturalized on several islands of the Pacific Ocean. It is one of Southeast Asia'smost well-known indigenous medicinal plants and is traded locally, particularlyfor its use as a diuretic, provides edible leaves, and is grown as a hedge in gardens.

Vernacular Names

Vernacular names: Kuo bao ju (Chinese), Indische puche (German), Kukronda (India), Hiiragi-giku (Japan), Kalapini (Philippines), Khlu (Thai) and Lú’c cây (Vietnamese).

Agroecology

In particular, marsh fleabane occurs along thesea shore, coastal streams and swamps, on clayor hard and stony soils, often in sunny orslightly shaded areas near salt-springs in theinterior. It is grown as a hedge on fertile soil inthe lower regions, often up to an altitude of 1000 m.

Morphology

  • Branches when young, later glabrous, areshortly hairy.
  • Leaves are bright pale green, papery andalmost glabrous, obovate, 2-4 cm thick, themargins are toothed, and when crushed, theleaves are aromatic. The base is almost sessileand cuneate.
  • Flowers,pink-purple or lilac, are numerous.The inflorescence is a 5 to 11 cm long,compound, terminal, slightly hairy corymb.Many heads are approximately 5 mm long.Involucral bracts are ovate, with increasinglylonger inner bracts.
  • Fruits are minute and ribbed, reddish-brownachenes; white, scanty, and spreading are thepappus

Chemical Constituents

  • Leaves and aerial parts contain an essential oil(mainly camphor, 'ALFA'-pinene, benzyl alcohol,benzyl acetate, eugenol, linalool and 'DELTA'-cadinol), terpenoids, and flavonoids.
  • Roots contain pterocaptriol, plucheoside C, D1,D2 and D3 and E, plucheol A and B, hop-17(21)-en-3β-yl acetate and boehmeryl acetate.
  • β-sitosterol and stigmasterol

Traditional Medicinal Uses

  • In Indo-China, decoction of roots used in fevers as diaphoretic; infusion ofleaves for lumbago.
  • In South-East Asia and Thailand, leaves are used as nerve tonic and fortreating inflammation. Decoction of bark used for hemorrhoids.
  • In Thai folk medicine, the stem is used for treatment of kidney stones,hemorrhoids (bark), inflammation, lumbago, and leucorrhea (leaves). It isalso used for treatment of hypertension, diabetes mellitus, tumorshypertension, cystitis, and wounds. Decoction of roots or leaves used fortreating fever, headaches, rheumatism, sprains, dysentery, dyspepsia, and inbaths to treat scabies.
  • In Lao folk medicine, for red and painful eyes from dust, lukewarmdecoction of leaves used as eye wash.

Cultivation

  • Propagated by seed as well as stem cutting.
  • Seedling with epigeal germination.

Snapshot of Part Used

Reference Sources

enter A