Madeira Vine

Anredera cordifolia

Basellaceae

Location in our garden

Section A (Principal)

Habitus

Climbers. A perennial evergreen climbing vine or liana that grows fromfleshy rhizomes, 3 to 6 m in height. 

Part Used

  • Leaves
  • Roots

Growing Requirements

  • High Rainfall

Habitat

  • Riverbanks
  • Forest
  • Coastal
  • Shrublands

Overview

The Madeira vine is native to and has been introduced globally in a relatively limitedregion of central and eastern South America. Madeira vine is primarily used as anornamental plant and, for landscaping purposes, extracts from plant parts are alsowidely used in Indonesia and Thailand for traditional medicines and probably also inits native range.

Vernacular Names

Luo kui shu (Chinese), Madeiraranker (South Africa), Anredera(Spanish), Madeiraranka (Sweden), 'Uala hupe (USA/Hawaii), Mùng tơi củ (Vietnamese).

Agroecology

A subtropical to tropical-area herb. It needshumus-rich soil that is well-drained and a place infull sun or good indirect light. Drought, howeverfrost tender, can be tolerated. In its nativedistribution, the best annual precipitation is 500-2,000 mm, with a mean temperature of 20-35 ºC.

Morphology

  • Stems are hairless (glabrous) and increasing intwining patterns. Younger stems are green orreddish colored and round cross-sectionally.They appear to be rope-like and, as they grow,turn greyish-brown in color.
  • Tubers can grow to 25 cm in diameter, likepotatoes, developed on aerial stems covered inwarts.
  • Leaves are easy, alternate, slightly fleshy,hairless and often glossy, oval or heart-shaped,shiny and bright green, 2-13 cm long and 1-11cm tall.
  • Flowers are numerous, star-shaped, thin (about5 mm), white or cream-colored and fragrant,borne on short stalks 2-3 mm long, five smallpetal-like segments, five three-branched typestamens and ovaries with three small club-shaped stigmas. The petals (2-3 mm long) arefleshy, permanent in color with age and turn darkbrown or black.

Chemical Constituents

  • Triterpenoid, Steroid, Saponins, Alkaloids,Flavonoids, Polyphenols, Quinones,Monoterpenoids, Coumarins,Polysaccharidesphytol, α-pinene, and Trimethyl-2-pentadecanone.

Traditional Medicinal Uses

  • In topical burn therapy, it is demonstrated to be effective.
  • Another function of this plant is hepatoprotection, anti-obesity, breastmilk rise, and blood pressure reduction.
  • The Traditional Chinese Medicines Encyclopedia notes that duringconvalescence, Madeira vine may be used to treat bruises, knocks, falls,and weakness; to disperse swelling and dissipate stasis; to help kidneydisease; to strengthen the lumbus and to relieve lumbus and knee pain.Treatment has also been used for diabetes, hepatitis and cardiovasculardiseases.
  • Diabetes mellitus, tuberculosis, rheumatic, uric acid, asthma, typhoid,hypertension, hemorrhoids, use as a diuretic, postpartum recovery,wound healing and post-circumcision procedure, gastritis, colitis, andcancer have been shown to be treatable by some citizens in Indonesia.

Cultivation

  • It reproduces mainly through the proliferation oftubers and stem and rhizome fragments, bothaerial and underground.

Snapshot of Part Used

Reference Sources

  1. Bari, I.N., Kato-Noguchi Arihiro Iwasaki,A., and Suenaga, K. Allelopathic Potency and an Active Substancefrom Anredera cordifolia (Tenore) Steenis. Journal ListPlants (Basel)v.8(5); 2019 MayPMC6571584 06-08-2020

  2. BioNET-EAFRINET. Anredera cordifolia (Madeira Vine).https://keys.lucidcentral.org/keys/v3/eafrinet/weeds/key/weeds/Media/Html/Anredera_cordifolia_(Madeira_Vine).htm 06.08.2020ABI, Invasive Species ompendi Anredera cordifolia (Madeira vine).https://www.cabi.og/isc/datasheet/112290 06-08-2020

  3. PFAF, Plants For A Future. Anredera cordifolia (Madeira Vine). https://pfaf.org/user/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Anredera+cordifolia 06-08-2020

  4. Plantinvasivekruger - Basellaceae -Anredera cordifolia (Ten.) Steenis . http://publish.plantnet-project.org/project/plantinvasivekruger/collection/collection/synthese/details/BOGCO 06-08-2020

  5. Yuniarti, W.M. and Lukiswanto, B.S. Effects of herbal ointment containing the leaf extracts ofMadeira vine(Anredera cordifolia (Ten.) Steenisn ) for burn wound healing process on albino rats. Journal List Vet Worldv.10(7); 2017 JulPMC5553152. doi: 10.14202/vetworld.2017.808-813.https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5553152/06.08.2020