Location in our garden
Section A (Principal)
Climbers. An evergreen climbing vine, perennial,can grow up to 30 m in length
- Need Shade
Stone leaf is a shrub species of which various parts have been used for traditional medicine and used locally as a sandpaper. The plant spreads all over China, India,Malaysia, Vietnam, Philippines, Myanmar, Thailand, and Indonesia
Mao guo xi ye teng (Chinese), Mempelas kesar (Malay),Malakatmon (Philippines), Cay day chieu (Vietnamese).
Stone leaf is a creeper or climber in thickets and secondary forests, a woody climbing plant, producing stems growing up to 30 m long, especially on riverbanks and near the seacoast.In more open vegetation forming small shrubs growing only 2 m tall in areas of open vegetation. Found at elevations from sea-level up to 1,000 m, but rarely above 500 m.
- thin, flaky, reddish brown.
- leathery, harsh, oblong-ovate tooblong-elliptic, 6 to 12 cm long, toothed at the margins.
- numerous, white, about 8 mm indiameter, borne on terminal, and axillarypanicles, 10 to 25 cm long.
- oblong-ovoid, pointed, nearly 1 cmlong, containing one hairy seed.
- ovoid, 4 x 3 mm across, shining black,aril 2-3 mm long, fimbriate.
Alkaloids, terpenoids, phenols, and flavonoids(kaempferol, quercetin, isoscutellarein, hypoletin,astragalin, genistein).
Traditional Medicinal Uses
- Stem extract have a potency as antibacterialagent against Staphyllococcus aureus and Escherichia coli.
- Treatment of rheumatism, lowering hypertension,lowering blood pressure, inflammatory diseases,hepatitis, internal pains, urinary disorders,dysentery, childbirth, sore throat, gout anddiabetes infirmities.
- In Malaysia, the leaves are applied to boils to ripen them, a decoction ofthe plants administered after childbirth. The roots are used as anastringent in diarrhoea, and the juice of it is applied to mouth ulcers.
- In Indonesia, the finely crushed young shoots are made into a poultice andput on bites of poisonous snakes. The sap of the stem is used as a coughmedicine.
- In Philippines, an infusion of the stem is drunk against tuberculosis, usedas a gargle against thrush. Externally, applied to a sore throat.
- In Cambodia, the stem is used as a diuretic.
- In Vietnam, the root and stem are used to treat hepatitis, swelling, and gout.
- In India, juice of aerial portion is given orally once a day in burning sensation during urination.
Propagation through seed, stem cutting and root cutting
Snapshot of Part Used
- Muliyah, E., Sulistijorini, Sulistyaningsih Y.C., Rafi M. (2018). Tetracera scandens as a Medicinal Plant:Secretory Structures, Histochemistry, and Antibacterial Activity. The Journal of Tropical Life Science. Vol. 8,No. 1, pp. 68 – 74, January 2018. doi: 10.11594/jtls.08.01.12. file:///C:/Users/head_office/Downloads/692-16716-2-PB.pdf. 30-07-2020
- Philippines Medicinal Plants. Tetracera scandens (L.) Merr.http://www.stuartxchange.com/Malakatmon.html.30-07-2020
- Tropical Plants Database.Tetracera scandens. http://tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Tetracera+scanden. 30-07-2020
- Umar, A., Ahmed, Q.U., Muhammad,B.Y., Dogarai, B.B.S, and Siti Zaiton, S.B.M.S. (2010). Anti-hyperglycemicactivity of the leaves of Tetracera scandens Linn. Merr.(Dilleniaceae) in alloxan induced diabeticrats. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 131 (2010) 140–145.https://www.academia.edu/10280865/antihyperglycemic_activity_of_tetracera_scandens. 30-07-2020